Dynamic Import in JavaScript: Tutorial & Examples (ES2020+)

Updated: February 22, 2024 By: Guest Contributor Post a comment


JavaScript’s dynamic import() feature, introduced in ES2020, marks a significant advancement in how modules are handled, promising to revolutionize the way developers code and deploy applications. This tutorial aims to demystify dynamic imports, showcasing their potential through practical examples and best practices.

Understanding Dynamic Import

Traditional JavaScript module import syntax uses the import statement, which is static and occurs at the beginning of a file. Unlike static imports, dynamic imports load modules on demand, enhancing performance, especially in situations where resources are loaded conditionally or on user interaction.

Dynamic imports use the import() function, which returns a promise. This asynchronous approach allows developers to control when and how modules are loaded, offering a fine-grained level of optimization.

Basic Syntax:

import('module-name').then(module => {
  // Use module
}).catch(error => {
  // Handle failure

Benefits of Dynamic Import

  • Improved Performance: Dynamically loading modules can significantly reduce the initial load time of your application by loading only what is necessary when it’s necessary.
  • Code Splitting: It facilitates code splitting, a technique where your code is divided into smaller chunks, which are loaded on demand. This is particularly useful in single-page applications (SPAs) where large bundles can impact startup time.
  • Conditionally Loading Modules: Modules can be loaded based on specific conditions or features, optimizing resource usage and enhancing the user experience.

Practical Examples

Example 1: Basic Usage

// Dynamically import a module
import('./myModule.js').then(myModule => {
  console.log('Module loaded:', myModule);
}).catch(error => {
  console.error('Loading failed:', error);

Example 2: Using with async/await

async function loadModule(modulePath) {
  try {
    const module = await import(modulePath);
    console.log('Module loaded successfully:', module);
  } catch (error) {
    console.error('Failed to load module:', error);

Example 3: Conditional Loading

if (userPermission === 'admin') {
  import('./adminPanel.js').then(adminModule => {

Best Practices

  • Use dynamic imports thoughtfully: While dynamic imports can greatly enhance your application’s efficiency, overuse or misuse can lead to maintenance challenges. Ensure that the benefits of using dynamic import justify its implementation.
  • Optimize: Aim for the smallest module chunks possible to reduce the load time further. Consider using tools like Webpack and Rollup, which support code splitting out of the box.
  • Error Handling: Since dynamic imports return promises, always include .catch() blocks or try-catch in async functions for error handling to prevent application crashes due to failed module loads.
  • Test: Dynamic imports can introduce complexities in your application. Thoroughly test loading conditions and error handling to ensure a smooth user experience.


Dynamic import() in JavaScript ES2020 offers a powerful, efficient way to load modules when needed, optimizing both performance and resource management. With the growing complexity and size of web applications, embracing dynamic imports can lead to more responsive, faster-loading applications. By following the practices outlined in this tutorial and experimenting with the provided examples, you can harness the full potential of dynamic imports in your projects.