Node.js Error: read ECONNRESET [Solved]

Updated: December 28, 2023 By: Guest Contributor Post a comment


The ECONNRESET error in Node.js typically arises when a TCP connection is abruptly closed by the remote server or by a network issue out of your control. This can happen if the other side has crashed or has been shut down, or if there’s a network problem that’s preventing the connection from being maintained.

One common scenario where this error might occur is when making HTTP requests to an external API, and the server responding with a ‘Connection Reset’ signal. This guide will explain the ECONNRESET error and provide code examples to handle it in Node.js applications.

Understanding ECONNRESET

ECONNRESET belongs to the standard POSIX error codes and is a signal that the TCP connection you were using was reset. In Node.js, this error is most often surfaced via an ‘error’ event on a network-related object such as a request, response, or socket object.

Here is one of the most basic examples of how this error can be encountered in Node.js:

const http = require('http');

const request = http.get('', (response) => {
  // Handle the response
  response.on('data', (chunk) => {

request.on('error', (error) => {
  if (error.code === 'ECONNRESET') {
    console.error('The connection was reset.');
  } else {

Basic Error Handling

The initial way to deal with ‘ECONNRESET’ is to catch and handle the error properly to prevent your application from crashing.

Handling the error at a basic HTTP request level looks something like this:

const http = require('http');

const server = http.createServer((req, res) => {
  req.on('error', error => {
    if (error.code === 'ECONNRESET') {
      // Add your error handling logic here
      console.error('Connection Reset Error Occurred!');

  // server code


Here, we attach an error listener to the request object to catch any ECONNRESET errors that might occur during the lifecycle of a request.

Advanced Error Handling

For a more robust error handling strategy, it’s important to consider a retry mechanism as part of your error handling:

const http = require('http');
const MAX_RETRIES = 3;

function makeRequest(url, retries = 0) {
  const request = http.get(url, (response) => {
    // Process response
  }).on('error', (error) => {
    if (error.code === 'ECONNRESET' && retries < MAX_RETRIES) {
      console.log(`Retry ${retries + 1}/${MAX_RETRIES}`);
      makeRequest(url, retries + 1);
    } else {
      console.error('Max retries reached or different error:', error);


This code defines a makeRequest function that takes a URL and retries count as arguments. If an ECONNRESET error occurs, it will retry the request up to a predefined maximum number of times.

Working with Promises and Async/Await

Node.js allows for more modern approaches with Promises and async/await patterns. To handle ECONNRESET in an async function, you could do something like:

const http = require('http');
const fetch = require('node-fetch');

async function fetchData(url) {
  try {
    let response = await fetch(url);
    let data = await response.text();
    return data;
  } catch (error) {
    if (error.code === 'ECONNRESET') {
      // handle ECONNRESET specific logic here
    // handle other errors
    throw error;

fetchData('').then(data => {
}).catch(error => {
  console.error('Error fetching data:', error);

Handling the error in an async function provides more readable code and allows for more straightforward control flow when dealing with asynchronous operations.


Dealing with ECONNRESET errors in Node.js requires proper error handling mechanisms. Starting from basic error event listeners up to advanced retry strategies or using modern async patterns, you can ensure that your application can recover or at least degrade gracefully in the face of such errors. Always design your system to anticipate and handle network-related errors to provide a robust user experience.

Remember to test your error handling thoroughly, as network errors can sometimes be difficult to replicate in a development environment. By handling ECONNRESET explicitly in your code, you can prevent unexpected application crashes and ensure more reliable operation.