Pandas Error: DataFrame object has no attribute ‘append’

Updated: February 21, 2024 By: Guest Contributor Post a comment

Understanding the Error

When working with pandas, a popular library in Python for data manipulation and analysis, you might encounter the error DataFrame object has no attribute 'append'. This error occurs when trying to use the append function on a pandas DataFrame in a manner that is not supported or due to a misunderstanding of how pandas objects work. In this tutorial, we will explore the reasons behind this error and provide solutions to fix it.

Possible Causes

The error is generally raised because of one of two reasons: either the pandas library is not properly installed or updated, or there’s a misunderstanding of how the append method works in pandas. Unlike Python’s list append function, pandas DataFrame’s append method works differently and has specific requirements.

Solution 1: Ensure Pandas Is Installed and Updated

The first step is always to make sure that pandas is installed and up to date in your environment since the append method might have been updated or fixed in a newer version.

Steps to implement the solution:

  1. Open your terminal or command prompt.
  2. Check if pandas is installed by executing pip show pandas.
  3. If it’s not installed, install it by executing pip install pandas.
  4. To update pandas, execute pip install pandas --upgrade.

This solution involves environment setup rather than coding.

Notes: Ensuring pandas is up to date helps in avoiding not only the append error but also other potential bugs and compatibility issues.

Solution 2: Using DataFrame.append() Properly

The append method in pandas is used to add rows to a DataFrame. However, you must use it correctly by passing another DataFrame or a dict/series as the row to be appended. Additionally, the append method returns a new DataFrame instead of modifying the original in place.

Steps to implement the solution:

  1. Create the initial DataFrame you want to append to.
  2. Create the DataFrame, dict, or series you wish to append.
  3. Use the append method to combine them, making sure to assign the result to a new variable or overwrite the original DataFrame if desired.

Code example:

import pandas as pd

df1 = pd.DataFrame({'A': [1, 2, 3], 'B': [4, 5, 6]})
df2 = pd.DataFrame({'A': [4], 'B': [7]})

result = df1.append(df2, ignore_index=True)


   A  B
0  1  4
1  2  5
2  3  6
3  4  7

Notes: Remember, the append method does not modify the original DataFrame; it only returns a new DataFrame that combines the original with the new data. It is also important to set ignore_index=True if you want a continuous index in the result, otherwise the new index will be a continuation from the last index of the original DataFrame, which could cause duplication.


Understanding and correct usage of pandas DataFrame’s append function is pivotal for effective data manipulation. By ensuring your environment is correctly set up and adhering to the best practices for using append, you can avoid common errors and work more efficiently with your data in pandas. Always make sure to check the official pandas documentation for the latest updates and information.