Python: 2 ways to remove multiple consecutive whitespaces

Updated: June 1, 2023 By: Khue Post a comment

Multiple consecutive spaces in a string are spaces that occur more than once in a row, one follows another in a continuous series. They can make the string look uneven or messy.

For instance, let’s have a glance at the string below:

text = "This is    a   string with  consecutive   white spaces."

As you can see, there are multiple consecutive spaces between some of the words. To make the string look better, we can remove them and keep only one space between each word. There are different ways to do so. Let’s explore them one by one in this concise, practical article.

Using regular expressions

This approaches use the re.sub() function from the re module to replace multiple consecutive spaces with a single space.


import re

text = "This is    a   string with  consecutive   white spaces."
text = re.sub("\s+", " ", text)


This is a string with consecutive white spaces.

This method is elegant and efficient. You can get the job done with only a single line of code.

Using the string split() and join() methods

An alternative solution is to use the split() and join() methods to split the string by whitespace characters and join them back with a single space.


text = "Welcome   to Sling    Academy.     Happy      coding!"
text = " ".join(text.split())


Welcome to Sling Academy. Happy coding!

This technique is concise, too. All unwanted multiple spaces were replaced with single spaces.

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