Pandas warning: Pyarrow will become a required dependency of pandas in the next major release

Updated: February 23, 2024 By: Guest Contributor Post a comment

The Problem

As data scientists and developers work with Pandas, a popular Python library for data manipulation and analysis, encountering warnings and errors is a common aspect of the development process. One such warning that has emerged in recent use cases revolves around the Pyarrow library. This guide provides an in-depth look into solving the warning “Pyarrow will become a required dependency of pandas in the next major release.” We will explore the reasons behind this warning, offer comprehensive solutions to resolve it, and provide detailed steps for implementation.

Understanding the Root Cause

The Pyarrow warning in Pandas is triggered because the Pandas development team has decided to integrate Pyarrow more deeply into Pandas’ core functionalities. Pyarrow, which is a Python library for interacting with Arrow data, offers advantageous features like efficient data representation and high-speed data exchange and processing. As Pandas progresses towards adopting these functionalities, installing Pyarrow becomes essential.

Solution 1: Direct Installation of Pyarrow

The simplest method to resolve this warning is by directly installing the Pyarrow library.

  • Step 1: Open your terminal or command prompt.
  • Step 2: Type and execute the command: pip install pyarrow.
  • Step 3: Verify the installation by checking the Pyarrow version using: python -c "import pyarrow; print(pyarrow.__version__)".


pip install pyarrow
python -c "import pyarrow; print(pyarrow.__version__)"

Output: Your Pyarrow version number here.

Notes: This solution is straightforward and ensures that your environment meets the upcoming Pandas requirements. However, it increases the project dependencies.

Solution 2: Upgrading Pandas and Dependencies

Frequently, updating Pandas and its dependencies can preemptively resolve warnings by ensuring compatibility with the latest versions.

  • Step 1: Open your terminal.
  • Step 2: Upgrade Pandas using: pip install --upgrade pandas.
  • Step 3: Similarly, upgrade Pyarrow using: pip install --upgrade pyarrow.


pip install --upgrade pandas
pip install --upgrade pyarrow

Notes: While this method ensures that both Pandas and Pyarrow are up-to-date, it may require thorough testing of existing code to ensure compatibility with new versions.

Solution 3: Conditional Dependency Management

For projects wanting to maintain backward compatibility without forcing an immediate update, managing Pyarrow as a conditional dependency is advisable. This requires managing your project’s requirements.txt or file strategically.

Notes: This approach offers flexibility but requires careful management to ensure project stability across different environments.


The warning about Pyarrow becoming a required dependency for Pandas signals significant advancements in data processing capabilities. By following the solutions provided, developers can prepare their projects for a smooth transition to future versions of Pandas. While each solution has its advantages and considerations, choosing the appropriate approach depends on the specific needs and constraints of your project.