# Using pandas.Series.rank() method (4 examples)

## Overview

In this comprehensive guide, weâ€™ll dive into the powerful `pandas.Series.rank()` method provided by the renowned Python library, pandas. pandas is an open-source data analysis and manipulation tool, pivotal in Python data science. This tutorial is crafted with a mix of fundamental concepts and hands-on examples, aimed at enhancing your understanding of the `rank()` method through practical use cases. Whether youâ€™re a beginner or an intermediate user, these examples will enrich your toolbox for data analysis projects.

Prerequisite: This tutorial assumes basic knowledge of Python and familiarity with the pandas library. If youâ€™re new to pandas, consider revisiting its documentation or introductory tutorials to get a grip on its core functionalities.

## Introduction to `pandas.Series.rank()`

The `rank()` method in pandas is used to rank items in a Series. It can handle ties, missing values, and can rank items in ascending or descending order. This method is essential for statistical analysis, especially when you need to compare the relative standing of items within a dataset.

## Example 1: Basic Usage

``````import pandas as pd

# Creating a simple Series
s = pd.Series([5, 1, 3, 2, 4])

# Using rank()
s_ranked = s.rank()

# Displaying the results
print(s_ranked)
``````

Output:

``````0    5.0
1    1.0
2    3.0
3    2.0
4    4.0
dtype: float64``````

This introductory example illustrates how items in a Series are ranked from the smallest to the largest by default, with 1 being the rank of the smallest value.

## Example 2: Handling Ties with Different Methods

``````import pandas as pd

# Creating a Series with ties
s = pd.Series([4, 2, 2, 3, 4])

# Ranking with the 'average' method (default)
s_average = s.rank()

# Ranking with the 'min' method
s_min = s.rank(method='min')

# Ranking with the 'max' method
s_max = s.rank(method='max')

# Displaying all the rankings
print("Average method:\n", s_average)
print("Min method:\n", s_min)
print("Max method:\n", s_max)
``````

Output:

``````Average method:
0    4.5
1    1.5
2    1.5
3    3.0
4    4.5
dtype: float64
Min method:
0    4.0
1    1.0
2    1.0
3    3.0
4    4.0
dtype: float64
Max method:
0    5.0
1    2.0
2    2.0
3    3.0
4    5.0
dtype: float64

``````

Here, we explored how to handle ties using different methods: `average` (default), `min`, and `max`. These methods assign ranks in unique ways when values are identical.

## Example 3: Ranking in Descending Order

``````import pandas as pd

# Creating a Series
s = pd.Series([10, 60, 30, 40, 50])

# Ranking in descending order
s_desc = s.rank(ascending=False)

# Displaying the result
print(s_desc)
``````

Output:

``````0    5.0
1    1.0
2    4.0
3    3.0
4    2.0
dtype: float64``````

In this instance, we manipulated the `rank()` method to sort items in a series in descending order, demonstrating how to reverse the ranking order to suit various analysis needs.

## Example 4: Dealing with Missing Values

``````import pandas as pd

# Creating a Series with missing values
s = pd.Series([1, NaN, 3, 5, NaN])

# Ranking with missing values being assigned to the end
s_missing = s.rank(na_option='bottom')

# Display without missing values considered
s_ignore = s.rank(na_option='keep')

# Showing both
print("With missing values at the bottom:\n", s_missing)
print("Ignoring missing values:\n", s_ignore)
``````

Output:

``````With missing values at the bottom:
(0    1.0
1    4.5
2    2.0
3    3.0
4    4.5
dtype: float64

Ignoring missing values:
0    1.0
1    NaN
2    2.0
3    3.0
4    NaN
dtype: float64)``````

This advanced example illuminates how the `rank()` method adjusts when encountering missing values (`NaN`s), allowing them to be placed at the end or simply ignored, depending on the specified `na_option`.

## Conclusion

The `pandas.Series.rank()` method is a versatile tool for data analysts, offering multiple ways to handle rankings, deal with ties, adjust for missing values, and modify the sorting order. Through these examples, weâ€™ve seen the methodâ€™s flexibility and its essential role in exploratory data analysis and statistical studies. By mastering `rank()`, you can add an invaluable tool to your data analysis toolkit.

Search tutorials, examples, and resources