TypeScript: Auto-reload the current page periodically

Updated: February 14, 2024 By: Guest Contributor Post a comment


In the modern web development era, updating content dynamically without requiring the user to manually refresh a page has become an expected functionality in many applications. This tutorial will guide you through the process of implementing auto-reloading of the current page with a specific interval using TypeScript. TypeScript, being a superset of JavaScript, offers a more structured approach to writing JavaScript code, making our task both efficient and manageable.

Let’s dive into how you can leverage TypeScript to add auto-reload functionality to your web application.

Getting Started

Before we proceed, ensure you have TypeScript installed in your development environment. If you haven’t installed TypeScript yet, you can do so by running the following command in your terminal:

npm install -g typescript

Or, if you’re using Yarn:

yarn global add typescript

After installation, you can check the TypeScript version by:

tsc --version

Setting Up the TypeScript Environment

To work with TypeScript efficiently, you need to have a basic setup that includes a tsconfig.json file. This file contains various compiler options necessary for a TypeScript project. Here’s a basic tsconfig.json example:

 "compilerOptions": {
   "target": "es5",
   "module": "commonjs",
   "strict": true,
   "esModuleInterop": true
 "include": ["./src/**/*"]

This configuration compiles TypeScript files from the src directory into JavaScript ES5, considering the usage pattern of most browsers today.

Implementing Auto-Reload Functionality

Now that we have our environment set up, let’s get to the crux of this tutorial: adding the auto-reload feature.

To achieve this, we’ll write a simple TypeScript function that uses the window.location.reload() method to reload the page. The beauty of TypeScript is its ability to offer type-checking, which makes our function more robust and less prone to runtime errors.

Here’s a sample function that reloads the page every specified interval:

function autoReloadPage(interval: number): void {
 setTimeout(() => {
 }, interval);

autoReloadPage(5000); // Reloads the page every 5 seconds

This simple function takes an interval in milliseconds as its parameter and uses setTimeout to call window.location.reload() after the specified interval. This is a practical and straightforward way to ensure your web page stays up-to-date without manual intervention from the user.

Improving the Reliability of Auto-Reload

While the above implementation is quite straightforward, you can enhance its reliability and control. For instance, you might want to ensure that the auto-reload functionality does not interfere with user activities. In such cases, you can implement additional logic to check for user interaction or specific conditions before the auto-reload is triggered.

Consider the following improved version:

let userIsActive: boolean = true;

window.addEventListener('mousemove', () => userIsActive = true);
window.addEventListener('keypress', () => userIsActive = true);

function autoReloadPageEnhanced(interval: number): void {
  setTimeout(() => {
    if (userIsActive) {
      userIsActive = false; // Reset the flag after reloading
  }, interval);

autoReloadPageEnhanced(10000); // Enhanced auto-reload with user activity check

In this version, we introduce a flag (userIsActive) to track user activity. We listen for basic activities like mouse movement and keypresses to set this flag to true. The autoReloadPageEnhanced function then checks this flag before triggering a reload. This ensures that the page won’t reload while the user is actively interacting with it, thereby enhancing the user’s experience.


Implementing an auto-reload feature in your web application using TypeScript is a great way to enhance the user experience by ensuring users always have access to the latest content without manual intervention. The examples provided in this tutorial are basic starting points. As you become more familiar with TypeScript and its features, you can expand upon these examples to introduce more sophisticated logic tailored to your application’s specific needs.

Remember, the key to a successful implementation is testing across different browsers and devices to ensure compatibility and smooth user experiences. Happy coding!