Fixing Mongoose Error: QuerySrv ESERVFAIL

Updated: December 30, 2023 By: Guest Contributor Post a comment

Understanding the ESERVFAIL Error

When working with Node.js and Mongoose, an error like Mongoose Error: Error: querySrv ESERVFAIL might occur. This typically happens when Mongoose attempts to resolve an SRV record for connecting to a MongoDB Atlas database but is unable to do so. Problems in DNS resolution or incorrect URI format can lead to this issue.

Solutions & Fixes

Verifying MongoDB URI

The first step in troubleshooting is to verify the correctness of your MongoDB URI. Ensure that the URI follows MongoDB’s standard format and all the credentials are accurate. Typos or outdated credentials should be adjusted accordingly.

Checking Network Connection

Network connectivity problems can cause DNS resolution failures. Test your internet connection and ensure your network configuration allows outgoing connections to MongoDB’s servers, typically on port 27017.

Using a try/catch Block

Incorporating error handling in your connection logic can optimize the resilience of your application. Here’s an example using the latest JavaScript syntax:

import mongoose from 'mongoose';

const connectToMongoDB = async () => {
  try {
    await mongoose.connect('your-mongodb-uri', { useNewUrlParser: true, useUnifiedTopology: true });
    console.log('Connected to MongoDB');
  } catch (error) {
    console.error('Error connecting to MongoDB', error);


Specifying a Direct Connection

When the application does not demand SRV records resolution, adapting the URI to use a direct connection format might bypass the error. Replace the mongodb+srv:// scheme in your URI with just mongodb:// and specify the port.