How to Push Server-Sent Events (SSE) in NestJS

Updated: January 1, 2024 By: Guest Contributor Post a comment


Server-Sent Events (SSE) provide a unidirectional client-server communication channel where the server can send updates to the client. This tutorial will guide you through pushing SSE in NestJS, leveraging the latest features of TypeScript.

Getting Started with SSE in NestJS

Server-Sent Events allow servers to push information to clients that have subscribed to these events once a connection has been made. Unlike WebSocket, SSE establishes a one-way channel from the server to the client, which is perfect for chat applications, live updates, or any scenario where you need to stream data from the server.


  • Node.js installed
  • NestJS CLI installed
  • Basic understanding of TypeScript and NestJS

Creating a New NestJS Project

Firstly, let’s create a new NestJS project:

nest new sse-app

Creating a Basic SSE Controller

We’ll start by creating an SSE controller that can send events to the client. Here is a simple example:

import { Controller, Sse } from '@nestjs/common';
import { Observable, interval } from 'rxjs';
import { map } from 'rxjs/operators';

export class EventsController {
  sseStream(): Observable<any> {
    return interval(1000).pipe(
      map((_) => {
        return { data: 'ping' };

This example sets up a basic SSE endpoint at /events/sse-stream that sends a ‘ping’ to the client every second.

Advanced Usage

Going further, you might want to send more complex data, handle connection issues, or deal with multi-user scenarios.

Multi-User SSE Streams

Let’s explore creating a system that personalizes the SSE stream for different users:

import { Injectable, Sse } from '@nestjs/common';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

export class EventService {
  private userEvents = new Map<string, Observable<any>>();

  register(userId: string, events$: Observable<any>) {
    this.userEvents.set(userId, events$);

  getUserStream({ params }): Observable<any> {
    const userId = params.userId;
    return this.userEvents.get(userId) || new Observable();

Here we have a service to hold different streams for different users and a controller method to return the specific user’s stream.

Handling Connection Issues and Retries

Connections over SSE could drop due to various reasons, and it’s essential to handle these gracefully:

import { Injectable } from '@nestjs/common';
import { EMPTY } from 'rxjs';

revivingStream(userId: string) {
  return this.userEvents.get(userId) || EMPTY;

The EMPTY constant ensures that if there’s no existing stream for the user, it doesn’t throw an error but instead sends an empty stream which is valid for SSE.

Dynamic Event Names

NestJS also gives you the flexibility to define dynamic event names using the @Sse decorator:

// ... other imports
import { MessageEvent } from 'http';

// ... events code

sseDynamicNames(): Observable<MessageEvent> {
  return eventGenerator$.pipe(
    map((value) => ({ type: 'customEventName', data: value }))

Integrating with Frontend

To consume SSE on the frontend, you can use the EventSource interface available in modern browsers:

const eventSource = new EventSource('/events/sse-stream');
eventSource.onmessage = function(event) {
  console.log('New message:',;
eventSource.addEventListener('customEventName', function(event) {
  console.log('Custom event:',;


In this tutorial, we’ve explored the setup and implementation of SSE with NestJS. By using the Observable stream’s power, along with specific decorators and services, you can efficiently stream data to your clients in real-time. Through careful design, you can make use of SSE’s simplicity and reliability for your real-time applications.